Successful reading and writing depends on the reader/writer’s ability to:

  • Use the visual features of words
  • Use the relationship between sounds, letters and letter groups
  • Use spelling patterns
  • Coordinate these skills with attention to meaning and the grammar of language.

Every child learns with his or her own learning styles. Literacy is taught using many different approaches and methods. Learning to read and write is an independent process. the following methods and techniques are used to encourage literacy learning.

Reading Aloud: The teacher selects and reads a book or other text to the children; may be used as a base for other activities.

Shared Reading: The teacher introduces and reads an enlarged or small text to the children; may be used as a base for other activities.

Guided Reading: The teacher brings together a small group of children who are similar in their reading development. the teacher selects and introduces the text, and then the children read it aloud, simultaneously.

Independent Reading: Children read to themselves.

Buddy Reading: Children read with a partner.

Interactive Writing: The teacher and the children share the pen in the construction of text, word by word. As they make their own contributions to the construction of words, children learn important techniques, such as saying words slowly to help with letter sound relationships, using known words to construct new words and using resources such as word wall and charts.

Writing Workshop: Writing Workshop usually begins with a mini lesson on any aspect of writing. Children solve their own problems in writing with individual conferencing and feedback.

Independent Writing: Children write their own messages and stories, sometimes helping each other.